Expression of State: -게 되다
In our last grammar pattern for expressions of state we discussed a way how to express change into a different state. However, that one was limited to just adjectives. Now there is also one just for verbs that has the same meaning. That expression is -게 되다. Let’s take a peek at this pattern.
Becoming -게 되다
The pattern -게 되다 has a meaning in the same vein as -어지다. However, it is a more flexible meaning and thus use. For starters next to “become”, it can also mean “came to (be/do)” or “has been decided” among other things. So you use this verb pattern to indicate not only a change in state, but you also use it when a change in situation occurs as a result of someone’s action regardless your own will. That might sound a little complicated, so let’s take a look at an example:
Sentence: 아파서 약을 먹게 됐어요.
Translation: I’m sick so I need to take medicine.
As you can see it is a highly flexible pattern you can use when you could also use other existing grammar patterns.
How To Use
Conjugating verbs with this pattern isn’t hard. The careful reader will have noticed that another pattern is part of this one, -게. So it won’t come to a surprise when I tell you that the first step is exactly the same as the rules we’ve seen for -게. After that it is a matter of conjugating 되다. Because this verb might confuse you I’ll give you the conjugation of the present tense and the past tense (polite) for this verb:
With all that you can start using the wonderfully flexible expression -게 되다. So when did you come to love Korean? Let us know in the comment and why not use this verb expression while you are at it?