Korean Pronunciation: [ㅂ] + ㄴ, [ㄷ] + ㅎ and ㄴ + ㄹ
Proper pronunciation is a vital skill you need to master if you want to be easily understood in any language. As in all other languages in the world, there are a quite a few Korean pronunciation rules you need to keep in mind. Time to start exploring a few because without them, people might not know what you are talking about . In this post we are going to see three pronunciation rules.
Before we start, however, I believe we need to agree on a few conventions to make sure everyone understands what is written. When something is written between square brackets, it represents the pronunciation of the word; not its spelling. Letter between square brackets as well represent a pronunciation not a spelling. Keep that in mind when reading the articles on Korean pronunciation rules.
Korean Pronunciation Rule: [ㅂ] + ㄴ > [ㅁ] + ㄴ
The first Korean pronunciation rule we will discuss is: [ㅂ] + ㄴ > [ㅁ] + ㄴ. According this rule when a syllable ending in a [ㅂ] pronounced batchim is followed by a syllable starting with a ㄴ, the otherwise [ㅂ] pronounced consonant is pronounced as [ㅁ] instead. Please note that this goes for syllables with a [ㅂ] pronounced ending; not just syllables ending in a ㅂ batchim.This rule goes for syllables with a [ㅂ] pronounced ending, not only when there is a ㅂ batchim.
Let’s see a few examples:
- 십 년 : [심년]
- 돕는 : [돔는]
- 재미없는 : [재미엄는]
Korean Pronunciation Rule: [ㄷ] + ㅎ > [ㅌ]
The next pronunciation rule is: [ㄷ] + ㅎ > [ㅌ]. This rule tells us that when a syllable ending with a [ㄷ] pronunciation is followed by one starting with a ㅎ; the batchim of the earlier syllable and the ㅎ combine to be pronounced as [ㅌ] in the second syllable. As with the previous rule, this rules goes for all syllables with a batchim pronounced as [ㄷ], not just those with a ㄷ as a batchim.This rule applies to all syllables with a [ㄷ] pronounced syllable, not just those with a ㄷ batchim.
A few examples:
- 깨끗해요 : [깨끄태요]
- 밭하고 논 : [바타고 논]
- 못해요 : [모태요]
Korean Pronunciation Rule: ㄴ + ㄹ > [ㄹ] + ㄹ
The next Korean pronunciation rule is: ㄴ + ㄹ > [ㄹ] + ㄹ. When a syllable starting with a ㄹ precedes a syllable with a batchim ㄴ, that ㄴ is pronounced as a [ㄹ] as well. This is a pretty straightforward rule, but one that I consider a pretty important one as a few words do end up with this kind of setup.
A few examples:
- 연락 : [열락]
- 편리 : [펼리]
- 한라산 : [할라산]