Time for another particle that adds meaning to our expressions. Unlike many particles we have seen before, this particle does not mark the grammatical function of a noun. It adds more information to what we say. Today’s particle is -만, one that is closely related to the particle -밖에.
The particle -만 adds more information to whatever you attach it to, like the particle -도. This particle, though, adds the meaning that whatever you are talking about is the only thing, excluding any other possible thing. In English using this particle is like using the words “only” or “just”. Although, when you use it with a number, it also carries the meaning of ‘minimum’.
Example: 5분만 기다려 주시겠어요.
Translation: Please wait for just 5 minutes.
How To Use
Using the particle -만 is generally not that difficult. You simply attach it at the end of the word you need to use it with. However, like with the particle -도, there are a few things you need to keep in mind.
When you use it with words already using the particles -은/는, -이/가 or -을/를, you generally omit them and just use the particle -만. However, unlike with -도, you can also opt to keep them. However, then you need to keep in mind the specific order. You first add -만 and then you add -은/는, -이/가 or -을/를, forming -만은, -만이 and -만을. This is used whenever emphasis is need or when the function of a word is unclear.
However, when you use it with any other particle such as -에서, the order is just like we’ve seen with -도. First you use the particle and only after that one you can use -만. Keep these differing orders in mind and don’t confuse them.