Suggestions and Conjecture: -(으)ㄹ까요
Time for another grammar topic with more than one use. The verb pattern for today is -(으)ㄹ까요. You can use this pattern either to make a suggestions, ask someone’s opinion on an action or ask after his thoughts. That is a whole lot, no? So I think we best get started exploring -(으)ㄹ까요.
Offering A Suggestion
Perhaps the first use of -(으)ㄹ까요 you’ll learn from a textbook is making a suggestion to someone. When you want to suggest someone to do something together you use this verb ending. Therefore the subject in this sentences is generally 우리 (we) and is thus omitted.
When used to make a suggestion this pattern is translated as “Shall we…” or “Why don’t we…”
The listener generally responds using either the present tense -아/어요 or another suggestive form, -ㅂ시다. Though the present tense is more common than the latter.
Example: -날씨가 더워서 공원에 갈까요? -네, 좋아요. 같이 가요.
Asking Someone’s Opinion
Another use of the pattern -(으)ㄹ까요 is when you want to ask someone’s opinion on something you should do or to suggest to him to do something. Unlike the earlier use where the subject is inherently 우리, in this case the subject is inherently 나/저 and is thus generally omitted.
When you use it in this fashion, the grammar pattern will be translated as “Shall I…” or “Do you want me to…”.
The one you ask his opinion of, can answer using imperative forms such as -(으)세요 and -지 마세요.
Example: -내일 언제 전화할까요? -저녁에 전화하세요.
Asking Someone’s Thoughts
Lastly you can also use the pattern -(으)ㄹ까요 when you ask someone what they think about a supposition you have. You are asking their own supposition on whatever you two are talking about. In this case the subject can be anything and if often mentioned unless obvious.
This use can of -(으)ㄹ까요 can be translated as ‘I wonder if…’ or ‘Do you think…’.
The person responding to this question will often answer with a supposition ending themselves, either -(으)ㄹ 거예요 or -(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 것 같다. The -겠다 supposition form won’t be used since the answer supposition is not instantaneous, thought out supposition.
Example: -주말에 날씨가 더울까요? -더울 거예요.
The How to
Using the -(으)ㄹ까요 isn’t all that hard. You might have noticed that is shares a similarity with -(으)ㄹ 거예요. And indeed, this verb pattern adheres to pretty much the same rules. These rules are:
- If the verb stem ends in a vowel, you attach -ㄹ 거예요.
- If the verb stem ends in a consonant, you attach 을 거예요.
- However, you only add 거예요, if the end consonant of the verb stem is ㄹ.
Yet, you need to be careful of the other irregular verbs other than the ㄹ irregular verbs.