Tense and Conjecture: -(으)ㄹ 거예요
Time for another way to share a supposition. However, this grammar pattern is also the Korean future tense! So at first it might be difficult to know when someone is just talking about the future and when someone is making a supposition. Let’s take a look at the verb pattern -(으)ㄹ 거예요, shall we?
While we have already discussed a lot of fancy ways to discuss your plans and intentions of the future, there is also the option to keep it simple. That is where -(으)ㄹ 거예요 comes in. This is the pattern you use to form what is known as the Korean future tense. Since it is just the future tense, you can use it when you are unsure about the verb pattern to use.
It will come to no surprise the pattern will be translated as ‘will’ or ‘shall’.
However, you can also use -(으)ㄹ 거예요 to talk about your suppositions. When you use it as such, you share a supposition based on your personal experience or something you have either seen or heard. So it differs in that way from the pattern -겠다, which is a baseless supposition.
When you use -(으)ㄹ 거예요 for a supposition, it is translated as ‘will’ or ‘think’.
Please keep in mind when you use -(으)ㄹ 거예요 as for suppositions, you cannot use it in the form of a question. You use it to state your thoughts on something. You cannot use it to ask after the thoughts of someone else on something. If you want to ask someone’s supposition, you use -(으)ㄹ까요.
The How To
Using the verb pattern -(으)ㄹ 거예요 needs a few warnings. If you recall the rules of several irregular verb groups, you know this pattern will have some issues. The basic rules are simple:
- If the verb stem ends in a vowel, you attach -ㄹ 거예요.
- If the verb stem ends in a consonant, you attach 을 거예요.
- However, you only add 거예요, if the end consonant of the verb stem is ㄹ.