Time Expression: -(으)ㄴ 지
Time for even more time expressions. This time we are going to discuss the time expression -(으)ㄴ 지. The mechanics behind using it is not that much different from 후에, but the meaning is, of course, different. Let’s take a gander at -(으)ㄴ 지.
Since -(으)ㄴ 지
The Korean grammar pattern -(으)ㄴ 지, fits right into the group of time expressions such as 후에, 전에 and 중. Like the those other Korean time expressions, this one lets you put an time order between two events or actions, this one perhaps more explicit. The English translation of this pattern is “Since”, not any kind of of since, but the since used with time. In Korean, it is generally expected that a explicit time is mentioned in the second clause. Let us take a look.
Sentence: 담배 끊은 지 일 년 됐어요..
Translation: It’s been a year since I quit smoking.
Furthermore certain verbs are used more often than others following this pattern. (안) 되다 and 넘다 are frequently in the clause following -(으)ㄴ 지.
How To Use
Using the Korean time expression -(으)ㄴ 지 is all in all not that difficult. As mentioned, this part is very akin to 후에. Like many Korean time expressions, this time expression can only be used with verbs, not adjectives or nouns. To properly conjugate with this pattern, you need to take a gander at the final letter of the verb stem, you have 2 situations:
- If the verb stem ends in a vowel or a ㄹ (irregular verb), you use -ㄴ 지.
- For all other verbs you use the ending -은 지.
Keep in mind that following that, the next clause of the sentence needs to express time in someway in order to make sense.